Procurement vs. Purchasing: Differences and Similarities

8 mins
read time
October 5, 2022

There’s a lot of confusion when it comes to the difference between procurement and purchasing. Most people wonder if they are the same things. And some people don’t realize how their functions differ from each other.

If you have similar questions and often wonder, “Is procurement the same as purchasing?” then, this article is for you. In a nutshell, procurement is the process of acquiring goods and services, while purchasing is the act of buying those goods and services.

Although procurement and purchasing involve negotiating for the best price and terms, but there are other considerations as well. Let’s take a closer look at the definition, differences, and similarities of procurement versus purchasing.

What does procurement mean?

Procurement is the process of acquiring goods or services. The goal of procurement is to obtain the best possible price and terms while still meeting the quality and quantity requirements of the buyer. In order to achieve this goal, procurement must be strategic and data-driven.

Procurement definitions concur that procuring organizations must have a clear understanding of their needs, objectives, risks, and potential suppliers before any negotiation begin. Furthermore, they must also be prepared to leverage data throughout the entire process in order to make informed decisions.

What is purchasing?

Purchasing is the act of buying goods or services. Unlike procurement, which is a strategic process, purchasing definitions claim that purchasing is transactional in nature. This means that buyers do not necessarily take the time to consider all of their options before making a purchase decision; rather, they simply buy what they need when they need it.

While this approach may work for some buyers, it does not always lead to the best possible price or terms. Therefore, it’s important for buyers to understand both procurement and purchasing so that they can make informed decisions about how to best acquire goods and services.

What are the similarities between procurement and purchasing?

While there are some major differences between procurement and purchasing, there are also some similarities. Here are some similarities in purchasing vs. procurement

  1. Both involve negotiation: One similarity between these two concepts is that both involve negotiation in order to get the best possible price and terms for the buyer while ensuring quality and timely delivery.
  2. Both require research: Another similarity is that both require market research and supplier selection in order to identify potential suppliers who can provide what you need at a fair price.
  3. Both have risks: Finally, both procurement and purchasing involve risks such as supplier default or poor quality products/services. It’s important to carefully consider all risks before moving forward with any purchase decision.

The differences between purchasing and procurement

Now that we’ve defined each concept individually and understood their similarities, let’s take a look at how they differ from one another. The primary difference between procurement and purchasing is the purpose, followed by the concepts of timing and approach.

Procurement and Purchasing covers a wide range of activities ranging from needs analysis to invoicingA straightforward process that covers the act of buyingA strategic process that seeks to obtain the best possible price and terms for the buyerTransactional in nature and focuses on simply acquiring goods or services as neededIt requires planning and foresight in order to get the best possible dealIt can be done on an as-needed basis without any advance planningA data-driven process that takes into account all available information before making a purchase decisionIt relies more on intuition and gut feeling than actual data when making decisionsFocuses on value creation, Total Cost of Ownership, risk mitigation, cost savings, and ongoing supplier relationshipMost often, purchasing focuses on minimizing the cost of an order and ensuring the quality of the product/service purchased

5 key differences between procurement and purchasing
5 key differences between procurement and purchasing


Procurement is the end-to-end process of acquiring goods and services while purchasing is merely the act of buying those goods and services. Learn the difference between ‘procurement’ and ‘purchasing’:

How procurement and purchasing can benefit your business

Procurement fulfills existing needs and helps ensure that an organization gets the best possible value for its money when it comes to acquiring goods and services. Similarly, purchasing ensures that an organization gets the best possible value for its money in addition to negotiating favorable contracts and eliminating waste.  

While purchasing delivers cost savings, procurement offers a ton of added benefits like improving quality control, managing supplier relationships, reducing lead times, increasing process efficiency, and enhancing compliance.

Challenges of procurement and purchasing

Purchasing and procurement are two of the most important—and challenging—aspects of your business. From finding the right suppliers to negotiating the best terms to managing budgets, there’s a lot that goes into keeping your operation running smoothly. Here are three of the biggest challenges you may face and how to overcome them.

1. Managing risks

The biggest challenge involved in procurement and purchasing is managing risk. When working with suppliers, you must guard against supplier risks (such as financial instability or poor quality control), legal risks (such as non-compliance with regulations), and reputational risks (such as being associated with unethical suppliers).

Your risk management process should include conducting reference checks as well as background checks on both individuals and companies. Additionally, make sure you have a clear understanding of the terms of your agreement so that you know what to expect from your supplier. Finally, establish procedures for addressing quality issues or other problems that may arise during the course of your relationship.

By taking these steps, you can minimize the risk associated with working with suppliers and ensure that your organization gets the products and services it needs without any major problems.

2. Staying within budget

The second biggest challenge procurement and purchasing professionals face is staying within budget. With the ever-increasing cost of goods and services, it can be difficult to find ways to cut costs without sacrificing quality. However, there are a few strategies you can use to help keep your spending in check.

First, take advantage of technology. There are a number of e-procurement and e-purchasing platforms available that can help you track spending, compare prices, and find new suppliers. Additionally, many suppliers offer online discounts or coupons that you can take advantage of. Utilizing these tools can help you save money without compromising on quality.

When it comes to procurement, sometimes the best deals can be found in unexpected places. For example, rather than buying new equipment, see if you can lease it or rent it from another company. You may also be able to find cheaper alternatives to traditional materials or products by doing some research online. Finally, don’t be afraid to haggle—you may be able to get a better price than what’s being offered if you’re willing to negotiate.

3. Managing supplier relationships

One final challenge involved in procurement and purchasing is managing supplier relationships. Given the importance of these relationships to your operation, it’s essential that they are managed effectively. This starts with having clear expectations for each supplier as well as maintaining open communication channels so that problems can be addressed quickly and efficiently.

Additionally, make sure you have a process in place for dealing with changes in supplier contracts or pricing structures—this will help avoid disruptions in your supply chain down the road. Finally, regular review meetings with each supplier can help ensure that everyone is on the same page and fulfillments are being made according to schedule and identify any potential concerns early on so they can be addressed before they become major problems.

How e-purchasing and e-procurement solutions help

In the business world, time is money. That’s why efficient procurement and purchasing processes are so important. With the right e-procurement solution in place, businesses can streamline their procurement and purchasing processes, saving time and money. Here’s a look at how e-purchasing and e-procurement solutions work and how they can benefit businesses of all sizes.

E-purchasing and e-procurement solutions streamline the procure-to-pay process by automating key tasks and procedures. With an e-purchasing solution in place, businesses can automate the following tasks:

  1. Creating and issuing purchase orders
  2. Managing supplier contracts
  3. Tracking product/service deliveries
  4. Processing and timely payment of invoices
  5. Generating insightful, visual-rich reports
  6. Keeping track of spend and available budget
  7. Identifying and highlighting dark purchasing

By automating key steps in the procurement process, E-procurement solutions like CloudEagle can free up employees to focus on more strategic tasks. It also provides businesses with a central repository for all purchasing data. This provides businesses with visibility into spend patterns and trends and spots opportunities to save money. Enhanced security features such as user authentication and role-based access controls help protect sensitive data and avoid costly data breaches.


So there you have it – the definition, similarities, and differences between procurement and purchasing in a nutshell! As you can see, they are two very different things that serve very different purposes within a company. Hopefully, this article has cleared up any confusion and given you a better understanding of how these two terms differ from one another.

E-procurement solutions like CloudEagle help streamline your procurement process by automating key tasks and procedures right from the supplier selection phase to the point a purchase order is generated. By doing so, CloudEagle saves businesses time and money. In addition, it offers enhanced security features to protect sensitive data.

Are you looking for ways to manage your procurement more effectively and efficiently? Sign up for a free demo of CloudEagle today.

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