Access Control: Keeping your SaaS Ecosystem Safe

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June 19, 2024
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In 2021, feeling disgruntled and probably looking for revenge, a former employee of the South Georgia Medical Center in Valdosta, Georgia, with user credentials that were still active, downloaded sensitive data into a USB drive before leaving.

After a few months, private patient information was leaked online, causing a massive data breach. As a result, the medical center faced legal implications, financial losses, and a tarnished reputation.

This scenario shows you how vital access control is. It governs who can view, modify, or access an organization's data, applications, and assets.

When properly implemented, it prevents unauthorized people from exploiting sensitive information and helps mitigate data breaches and cyber threats.

Access control helps ensure you comply with regulations, safeguards intellectual property, and maintains operational efficiency.

Read on to learn what access control is and how to implement it effectively to ensure your organization does not suffer the same fate as South Georgia Medical Center or many others reported daily.

What Is Access Control?

It is a critical security strategy that regulates who can access and interact with cloud-based applications, assets, and data.

The purpose is to prevent unauthorized access to applications, data, and other valuable assets. Access control essentially acts as a gatekeeper. It grants or denies access requests based on rules and policies that have already been defined.

According to a survey by AppDirect, 45% of small and medium businesses have most or all of their software in the cloud. This means almost all their business data is also in the cloud, making access control necessary.


With robust control measures, you will ensure that the only people having access to use and modify specific resources are the authorized ones. This access will only be based on their roles and responsibilities.

Effective control helps mitigate the risk of data breaches and unauthorized access. You will control permissions, granting or revoking privileges as needed without compromising security.

Access control also aids in meeting compliance requirements, such as data privacy regulations, industry standards, and internal policies. This will protect your organization from legal issues and reputational damage.

Key Concepts in Access Control


Authentication is about verifying identities. It helps ensure that only legitimate users or systems gain access. The most common methods include passwords, biometrics, or multi-factor authentication.


Authorization determines what resources each authenticated entity can access and what actions they can perform. This process enforces the least privilege principles. It grants only the necessary permissions to fulfill specific roles or tasks.


Accountability tracks and logs all the attempts to access and activities. It enables auditing and monitoring. This concept ensures that actions can be traced back to individual users or systems, promotes transparency, and deters misuse.

Together, these three pillars work harmoniously to safeguard your organization's assets.

Robust authentication prevents unauthorized access, authorization restricts unnecessary privileges, and accountability maintains visibility and control over your digital ecosystem.

Why Should Organizations Pay Attention to Access Control?

Here are the main reasons why your organization should pay attention to access control:

  • Mitigates the risk of data breaches and unauthorized access.
  • Protects valuable assets like customer data, financial records, and intellectual property.
  • Ensures compliance with industry regulations and data privacy laws.
  • Failure to comply can result in fines, legal consequences, and reputational damage.
  • Grants appropriate permissions based on roles and responsibilities.
  • Safeguards the organization's digital assets.
  • Acts as a gatekeeper and allows only authorized access.
  • Maintains stakeholder trust.
  • Demonstrates a commitment to protecting sensitive information.
  • Prevents misuse of privileges and deters insider threats.
  • Limits access based on the principle of least privilege.
  • Enables auditing and accountability.
  • Comprehensive logging and monitoring of access attempts and activities.
  • Enhances overall security posture
  • Access control is a fundamental security practice and a critical defense layer.

Types of Access Control

1. Logical Access Control (LAC)

Logical access control controls digital access to systems, applications, and data. It governs who can view, modify, or interact with these resources within an organization's computing environment. Below are the different types of LAC:

A. Discretionary Access Control (DAC)

This model allows users to manage access permissions for resources they own or control. For instance, file owners can grant or revoke access rights to other users based on their discretion.

B. Mandatory Access Control (MAC)

Unlike DAC, MAC has a central authority that dictates access permissions. This authority defines strict rules and policies that govern access rights for all users and resources, regardless of ownership.

MAC enforces rigorous security measures, especially if it is in high-risk environments.

C. Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)

RBAC assigns access permissions based on the roles of the user and job functions within the organization.

Instead of granting individual access, RBAC defines roles (e.g., manager, employee, contractor) and associates specific permissions with each role. This control approach helps simplify access management and aligns with the principle of least privilege.

2. Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

ABAC takes a more granular and dynamic approach to access control.

It considers multiple attributes, including user attributes (e.g., job title, department, location), resource attributes (e.g., data classification, sensitivity level), and environmental factors (e.g., time of day, IP address), when making decisions about access.

This model evaluates rules or policies that combine these attributes to grant or deny access requests. ABAC provides fine-grained control and allows organizations to enforce complex, context-aware access policies.

For example, it can grant users access to sensitive financial data only during business hours and from within the corporate network.

When you leverage ABAC, you will implement precise access controls tailored to your organization's security requirements and risk management strategies.

ABAC gives you greater flexibility and scalability than traditional access control models. It enables you to adapt to evolving business needs and security sectors.

Benefits of Access Control

Below are some of the benefits you get when you implement access control:

Enhanced Data Security

Implementing access control measures significantly reduces the risk of unauthorized individuals accessing your organization's sensitive data.

Access is only granted to those with legitimate needs, which minimizes the chances of data breaches, theft, or misuse. This safeguards valuable assets like customer information, financial records, and intellectual property.

Improved Compliance

Access control is crucial since it helps your organization meet industry regulations and data security standards.

Stringent laws and frameworks like GDPR, HIPAA, and PCI DSS mandate strict access controls to protect sensitive data. Proper implementation ensures compliance, avoiding costly penalties and legal repercussions.

Reduced Operational Costs

Effective access control helps streamline user permissions management, reducing administrative overhead.

If you automate access provisioning and deprovisioning processes with a tool like CloudEagle, you minimize the risk of security incidents and the associated costs of incident response, remediation, and potential lawsuits.

One case study is how Remediant saved thousands of hours of their time by automating provisioning and deprovisioning using CloudEagle.

Increased Accountability

Access control solutions maintain audit trails, logging user activity and access attempts. This increased accountability promotes transparency and helps you trace actions to specific individuals or systems.

If there is a security breach, these audit logs will aid investigations. It will help identify the root cause and implement appropriate remediation measures.

How To Implement Access Control

Follow the below steps to implement access control effectively:

1. Identify Assets and Risks

The first step in implementing effective access management and control is to identify your organization's critical assets, which include sensitive data and applications.

Conduct an all-around risk assessment to understand potential security risks and vulnerabilities that could lead to unauthorized access. This analysis will guide you in prioritizing assets that need stringent access controls.

2. Define Access Control Policies

Once you've identified your assets and risks, develop overall access control policies that clearly define who should access what resources and under what conditions.

These policies should align with the security objectives, compliance requirements, and the principle of least privilege in your organization. They will help grant users only the minimum access necessary to perform their job functions.

3. Implementing Access Control Systems

With your access control policies in place, it's time to implement the appropriate access control systems and technologies.

Consider leveraging directory services like Active Directory or LDAP to centralize user and resource management.

Implement multifactor authentication (MFA) solutions to enhance security by requiring multiple authentication factors, such as passwords, biometrics, or security tokens.

Additionally, explore role-based access control (RBAC) systems that help simplify access management by assigning permissions based on user roles within the organization.

Consider attribute-based access control (ABAC) solutions that evaluate user attributes, resource attributes, and environmental factors when making access decisions for more granular control.


Physical access control is a fundamental security practice that safeguards your organization's valuable assets, like sensitive data and applications.

When you implement robust two-factor authentication, authorization, and accountability measures, you mitigate the risks of data breaches, ensure regulatory compliance, and maintain stakeholder trust.

In today's digital sector, effective access control is no longer an option—it’s a necessity. Review your organization's current access control measures and login credentials, and address any vulnerabilities or gaps.

Consider exploring automated solutions like CloudEagle to streamline and enhance your access control processes and ensure a secure and efficient digital environment.

Protect your critical assets, maintain operational efficiency, and cultivate a secure digital ecosystem by making access control a priority and a cornerstone of your organization's security strategy. Book a demo with CloudEagle now.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How does access control relate to the principle of separation of duties?

It is crucial to implement the principle of separation of duties as it helps segregate access privileges and responsibilities.

It helps prevent conflicts of interest and reduces the risk of fraud or misuse of power. It also ensures that tasks and operations are divided among employees, promoting accountability and checks and balances.

2. What are some common challenges I can face when implementing access control?

You could face challenges such as managing many users and resources, maintaining up-to-date access policies, implementing granular access controls, and ensuring users accept and adopt better access measures.

3. How can an organization balance security and usability while implementing access control?

You must aim for risk-based access control measures that provide enough security without hindering users' productivity or creating extra friction.

Additionally, involving end-users during design and implementation, providing training and awareness programs, and using user-friendly technologies will help achieve balance.

4. What role does access control play in incident response and forensic investigations?

These systems maintain audit logs and trails that will be needed if there is an incident response and forensic investigation.

These logs help identify the source of a security breach, determine the extent of the incident, and support the gathering of evidence for legal or regulatory purposes.

Written by
Joel Platini
Content Writer and Marketer, CloudEagle
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